The plants also have specialist pollinators, small beetles Rhopalotria slossoni Schaffer Curculionidae and Pharaxonotha zamiae Blake Erotylidae that live inside the male cones. Caterpillars are green with a yellow stripe. As shown in the picture above at left, the ventral side has dark bands and spots with two black and blue eyespots surrounded by orange. Pieridae There are 6 members of this family resident in the UK and one regular migrant, the Clouded Yellow Colias croceus , also a few other very rare migrants. The following day, the adult butterfly emerges from the pupal case.
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Although larvae can reach lengths of 60 mm, these were only 35 mm and probably an early instar. The upper side of the forewing is pale brown with lavender-gray at the base and dark brown lengthwise lines throughout. An adult moth has a large wingspan 15 cm , and is tan with large purplish eyespots on its two hind wings. Suggested functions include its use as a predator deterrent, defense against parasitoids, a signal indicating imminent eclosure to conspecifics, communication with symbiotic ants for those species associated with ants, and to communicate conspecific aggregation formation Downey Geometer larvae are sometimes called inchworms because their looping movement makes them look like they are measuring the earth. This moth breeds continuously in Florida. Eight days later the butterfly emerged.
atala, atala hairstreak, coontie hairstreak - Eumaeus atala Poey Sandy Koi Donald Hall
An adult butterfly or moth has three body parts head, thorax, and abdomen. The time required for the egg to hatch and the individual to mature to the adult stage can take only two weeks. A caterpillar molts five times, and at each stage of its development, it is a slightly different color. The ventral wing has two eyespots similar to those of the male. Functions of iridescence in animals including insects have been reviewed by Doucet and Meadows The small size of this insect, together with the triangular—shaped golden marking cutting across the other markings, makes this moth very distinct.
After mating, a female lays small green eggs on the underside of larval host plants that include Blechum pyramidium Green Shrimp Plant , Phyla nodiflora Fogfruit , Ruellia brittoniana Mexican Petunia , and Bacopa spp. The wing edges are tipped with tannish-green scales. All are hairy and have five pairs of prolegs. The toxicity of both stages is the result of the caterpillar eating a plant chemical in the cycad. Discoidal spot well defined.